Osaka news nishikie

Controversial Series 1:
Osaka nishikiga shinbun

By William Wetherall

First posted 1 October 2005
Last updated 10 October 2005


Linguistic note

In the following article, "nishikiga" and "nishikie" are used to differentiate щ and ъG, though both are read "nishikie".


Series 1 features and variations

THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL WILL BE HEAVILY RE-EDITED

Series 1 features and variations
The reunion of "shinwa" and "shinbun"

Series 1 -- ONgS
Osaka nishikiga shinbun

See Osaka Series Profiles under Articles for general information about this series.

Known prints

There are 25 prints, including all numbered prints, 1-24, and one unnumbered print. All numbered prints are known.

Publishers

The series was produced by two publishers: Ishiwa (17) and Awabun (7). The unnumbered print is not on Tsuchiya 2000 so the publisher cannot be confirmed.

Drawers

Sasaki Yoshitaki is the principle drawer (20 prints, 1-19 and the unnumbered print). The other prints (5 prints, 20-24) are drawn by Sadanobu II.

Stories

11 of 22 signed stories are attributed to Yoshitaki. 7 stories are attributed newspapers: Hochi (3), Nichinichi (2), and Yomiuri (3), including one (No. 12) with two attributions (Hochi, Yomiuri).

Dates

Dating most Osaka series presents a problem because there are no seals. Some stories are "no early than" datable, by the date of the reported incident, or by date of the newspaper from which the story was taken. Only 7 of the 24 numbered prints in this series, however, datable stories. And the scattering of dates relative to issue number suggests that this particular nishkie series was not particularly interested in "news" as a "timely information". The untimeliness of the stories, and the themes of the stories, both suggest that the series was really intended as a form of entertainment in the form of souvenir prints.

All stories appear to be from early months of 1875. Some stories were original, in that they do not seem to have been based on known newspaper accounts. A good example of such "local reporting" is found in ONgS-8, which itself became "news" in Tokyo -- i.e., a Tokyo newspaper reported the existence of ONgS-8.

The incident reported in ONgS-8 took place on 6 March. The story, as reported in ONgS-8, was retold in the 18 May issue (671) of Yubin hochi shinbun, which also described the print in some detail. So ONgS-8 must have been published between, say, mid March and mid May.

Later issues

Title -- This print was never previously issued as Osaka nishikiga shinbun or any of its later variations, including the last variation, Nishikiga shinbun, which also has no numbers. It therefore appears that zukai is being used because shinbun is no longer acceptable on such prints. Writer attribution -- Unlike stories on earlier prints, which writers signed using a handle rather than their real name, the story on this print is attributed to "henshu [compilation and editing] Ishikawa Wasuke". Publisher attribution -- Unlike earlier prints, which featured the publisher's handle in a cartouche on the print, this print has a cartouche on the margin reading "Ishikawa Wasuke han [publication]".

Publishers

AB = Ayabun [Mori Bunzo]
IW = Ishiwa [Ishikawa Wasuke]

Drawers

HS = Hasegawa Sadanobu II
KH = Kinoshita Hironobu
SY = Sasaki Yoshitaki
Oth = Others
Uns = Unsigned

Ser Short
name
Full
name
Pub Art Title
design
Dates Known
series
Known
prints
1 ONgS Osaka
nishikiga
shinbun
IW, AB SY, HS Flag
title
cartouche
1875
03
1-24 25
(24+1)

Series 1
1. Osaka nishikiga shinbun

Tsuchiya remarks that the publisher and parodist Miyatake Gaikotsu (1867-1955) a publisher parodist, treated treated Series 2 Osaka nishikie shinbun prints together with prints in this series, and observes that some Series 2 prints are in fact entitled Osaka nishikiga shinbun like Series 1 prints. However, as she points out, the overall design of the two series is totally different, beginning with their borders and title cartouches.

It is somewhat ironic, then, that Tsuchiya should classify a "shinwa" variation of a Series 1 print as a Series 3 print -- simply on account of its title. As a result of our merging Series 3 into Series 2, the issue that Tsuchiya has been listing (in both Tsuchiya 1995 and Tsuchiya 2000) as a No. 16 will rejoin its family in Series 1. For further details, see the discussion of No. 16 under Series 3 below.

As a result of this move, Series 1 will be recognized as a "shinbun" series, some issues of which were later reprinted with "shinwa" in place of "shinbun" -- No. 16 being at least one example.

We will also acknowledge the existence of variations entitled simply Osaka nishikie on account of the space for "shinbun" or "shinwa" being blank -- the graphs for one term or the other having been chiselled off the block before printing.


Analysis of ONgS (Series 1) variations

Series 1 variations
Design and publication particulars by issue number of known copies

General Introduction

Reconstructed Awabun / Ishiwa group

Title Cartouche

Flag

c = red/white check
diagonal = diagonal
diff flag = different flags
green band = green band

Publisher markings

B = row of "bun" graphs
W = row of "wa" circles

b = blue
g = green / bluegreen
p = purple

Title

e = nishikie
ga = nishikiga
?? = obscured by picture

bun = shinbun
nSB = no shinbun
wa = shinwa

Publishers

AB = Ayabun cartouche [MB]
IW = Ishiwa cartouche
IWs = Ishiwa stamp
SBK = Shinbunkyoku cartouche
SBKb = Shinbunkyoku cartouche on border
SBKs = Shinbunkyoku stamp
ns = not seen

Drawers

SY = Sasaki Yoshitaki
HS = Hasegawa Sadanobu II

Carvers

Ki = Kyuichi [nine market]
?? = cartouche dark

Collections

AB = Araya Bunko (Araya Shigeki Collection at Mainichi shinbun
KB = Kanbara Bunko (Kanbara Jinzo Collection at Kawaga University)
NB = Nishigaki Bunko (Nishigaki Buichi Collection at Waseda University)
OHK = Ono Hideo Korekushon (Ono Hideo Collection at Tokyo University)

Other collections

MB = Meiji Bunko (Tokkyo Daigai Ho Gakubu Meiji Shinbun Zasshi Bunko)
TSK = Tokyo Daigaku Shakai Joho Kenkyujo (Shajoken) [Institute of Socio-Information and Communication Studies (ISICS)]
UB = Ueno Bunko (Kyoto Daigaku Keizai Gakubu Toshoshitsu)
YB = Yosha Bunko (Yosha Kenkyujo)

t = Tsuchiya 2000. "t" means that an image of this copy has been seen on this CD-ROM. "1t" under Araya or Other means I have seen the image only on Tsuchiya 2000. "1t" in Kanbara, Nishigaki, or Ono means that I have seen the same image in these on-line databases. "?t" means I have seen the image only on Tsuchiya 2000. An entry like "1t, 1" means I have seen "1t" in Tsuchiya 2000, and both "1t, 1" in the attributed database, whereas "1?t, 1" would mean I have seen "1?t" only on Tsuchiya 2000.

Iss Title Cartouche Producers Collections
Flag Ne/Ng Sb/Sw Pub Art Car AB KB NB OHK Oth
1
NgS
ga bun AB SY 1 1t 1
1NgS
2
NgS
ga bun AB SY 1=2 1?t=1
1=2
1=1
1=2
1UBt ns
NgS
3
NgS
Bbw ga bun AB SY 1t 1 1 1
1NgS
1?tNgS
4
NgS
ga bun IW SY 1 1?t, 1 3 1?tNgS
5
NgS
Wbc ga bun IW SY 1 1?t, 1 1NgS
6
NgS
Wpc ga bun IW SY 1t 1NgS 1?tNgS
1YBNgS
7 ga bun IW
SBK
SY 1t 1 1 2
8
ONg
NgS
Wpc
nWp
ga bun
nSB
IW
SBK
SY 1 1?t, 1 2 1YBONg
1YBNgS
9 Wbc ga bun IW
SBKs
SY 1t 1 1 1 1YB
10 Wbc ga bun IW SY 1?t, 1 1
11
ONg
ga bun
nSB
IW SY 1t 2 1?t
12 c ga bun IW
SBKs
SY 1t 1 1 3 1YB
13
sai
dia-
gonal
e bun IW SY 1t 1 1
14 ga bun IW SY 1t 1 1 1YB
15 Bbw ga bun AB SY 1 1t 2 1YB
16
sai
green
band
ga bun
wa
AB SY 1t 1 1 1MBt
ONgSw
17
sai
Wbc ga bun IW
SBK
SY Ki 1 1t 2 1YB
18 Bbw ga bun AB SY 1t 1 1 2
19 Bbc ga bun AB SY 1t 1 1 1 1YB
20 diff
flag
ga bun SBK
IWs
SY 1t 1=f2 1=f2
21 Wbgc ga bun IW HS 1 1t 3
22 Wgc ga bun IW
SBKs
HS 1 1?t, 1t 2 1YB
23 Wpch ga bun IW
SBKc
HS ?? 1t 1 1
24 Wgc ?? bun IW HS 1 1t
Un ga bun ns SY 1UBt ns
Un
NgZ
c ga zukai IKWS HS 1t

Patterns

TO BE CONTINUED